Seoul, South Korea
Located inside the National Assembly complex, in Seoul, the new National Assembly Communication Building designed by the South Korean firm Haeahn Architecture, in collaboration with New York-based H Architecture is an open space reflecting a pluralistic ideology, while embracing the order of existing components of the complex.
To address the building’s purpose as a place for multiple user groups, the National Assembly Communication Building required not only systematic security systems but also spatial flexibility and expandability.
The firm, therefore, embarked on a plan to build “a flexible building containing open places,” where public daily life would naturally occur, in addition to the formal monumental nature of the National Assembly area.
The project site was a green space surrounded by lush trees, approximately 10-12 meters in height on average.
To reflect that status, the firm established a public green space aimed at making the building familiar and low enough, on a human scale, by ensuring that the height would not exceed four stories.
The result is that the building remains buried among green trees, with the rooftop also created as a green zone to connect the flow of nature.
Traces of a forest, formerly used as a green belt, were left, along with Zelkova trees, which were as old as the history of the National Assembly Building itself.
In doing so, the firm assured that the monumental landscape of the National Assembly area would be well conserved.
In consideration of the characteristics of the building, where various functions and users coexist, the firm aimed to increase spatial usability and work efficiency, while maintaining the independence of each facility by distributing functions per floor through a horizontal zoning plan.
The four cores surrounding the atrium provide a traffic flow system by the user and a security system by the facility.
In addition, by applying an optimized structural modular system to the integrated workspace composition, functional space, and workspace is composed to respond flexibly in accordance with the changing demand for space in the future.
The architects have paid close attention to the building’s representation of pluralistic democracy, and its embrace of multiple functions for the public, press, parliamentary politics, and administration.
Accordingly, they created a spatial identity under the theme of “Encounter and Communicate,” ensuring that user groups would support sound democracy and the national vision through mutual cooperation and dialogue.
Various spaces were designed for encounters and communication in the building and common spaces and rest areas were established between each functional space in order to continuously connect the building, both indoors and outdoors.
Such spaces were designed as places of relaxation and sharing, enabling communication between people, between the spaces, and between nature and its urban surroundings.
The result is that the new National Assembly Communication Building is an open space where lively communication will take place for many years to come.
Project: National Assembly Communication Building
Architects: Haeahn Architecture and H Architecture
Lead Architects: Taeman Kim and Jaejun Ryu
Design Team: Hyunhwa Jung, Hyeonseok Oh, Seongho An, Hyeongwook Doh, Junyong Kim, Minkang Shin, Youngjun Shin, Jaewon Chang, Yohan Bahc, Jinyoung Bae, Haengsook Lee, Yongjae Choi, Seungyoung Nam, Jongjin Park, Minjung Kim (Haeahn), Changhak Choi, Minbum Koo, Jaesung Jung, and Euimi Si
Client: The National Assembly of the Republic of Korea, National Assembly Secretariat
Photographers: Namsun Lee