Located in the traditional neighborhood of Miraflores in the capital city of Perú, the Pullman Miraflores Hotel by Amasm Arquitectos with Poggione + Bondi Arquitectos for ATTKO SpA navigates the given conditions of its site generating a harmonious and spatially optimized whole.
The architectural form of this large-scale business and tourism hotel was influenced by mandatory building regulations, the site’s geometry, and the requirements of the hotel industry.
The Pullman Miraflores Hotel has recently been awarded a 2022 International Architecture Awards Honorable Mention by The Chicago Athenaeum: Museum of Architecture and Design and The European Centre for Architecture Art Design and Urban Studies.
The typical building model of a large part of the Lima metropolis derives predominantly from the continuity of the façade of the block, configuring its opacity with various scales.
Built mass contrasts the opacity of the voids toward the interiors of the block, allowing a corollary between the traditional city and the garden city of Latin American modernity.
This opacity of the continuous block and its varied heights is reproduced extensively depending on the degree of density of uses.
In the case of this project, due to the commercial and service-oriented identity of Avenida José Larco, as well as the 52-meter height allowed, the corner of José Larco avenue and Juan Fanning street is prefigured as two separate planes of a continuous facade with dominant south-west orientation.
The building contains two noble floors, 13 levels of rooms, a roof terrace, and five levels of underground facilities and parking lots.
Floors with an ¨L¨ shape forms a patio facing the square.
Originating towards the interior of the property, two plans of interior facades help to provide the second bay of rooms with good climate conditions.
The land occupancy rates and constructions provide a large surface area per level, allowing the building to accommodate 19 room units per floor and 244 total.
Vertically, the large volume is arranged with the first two noble levels that account for the hotel’s most public programs and its relationship to the city, while the main body of the 13 levels of rooms and the upper end of the terrace contains the semi-public programs.
The permanent challenge of city hotels is the transit of the structure that orders the body of rooms when it reaches the lower noble levels that require higher levels of spatiality and flexibility for the most diverse uses.
The plan is arranged around a powerful rigid central core, allowing walls and columns to be reduced in size compared to their original dimension on the floors of the rooms, generating a flexible spatiality on a larger scale.
The facade design proposes an envelope that responds to the atmosphere of Lima, such as high degrees of light reflection and solar radiation.
Further, an architectural measure of a juxtaposed “vibrato” through the alternation of openings every two levels is employed.
This alternation of opacity-transparency compensates for the large facade planes, providing a nuanced projection of sunlight on the façade.
By isolating the central nucleus, the first-floor plan liberates its perimeter to accommodate the lobby, reception area, lounge, and bar, moving the service programs toward the back.
This level facing José Larco folds back from the silhouette of the room levels to accommodate an English patio that goes down two levels and provides natural light and better environmental conditions to the convention center, kitchen, and staff areas.
Toward the north dividing wall, secondary access is generated with an elevator and stairs to serve the upper terrace with its semi-public gym, lounge, pool, and bar.
From this first level, access is given to the mezzanine level that houses a large restaurant and a multipurpose room.
In structural terms, this level is hung from the third and is detached from the perimeter, achieving a spatial continuity with all the public levels.
Project: Pullman Miraflores Hotel
Architects: Amasm Arquitectos
Associate Architects: Poggione + Bondi Arquitectos
General Contractor: COSAPI/DVC Ingenieria
Client: ATTKO SpA
Photographers: Juan Solano Ojasi